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Hoi An - the ancient town

Hoi An, the ancient town attend on the list of world cultural heritage
Hoi An town is an ancient city located on Cua Đại where Thu Bon River flows to South China Sea. From the 16th to 17th century, Hoi An was called Faifoo, this name is very familiar with the Merchandisers in Japan, Indonesia, China, Portugal, etc. At that time, Hoi An trading port was very crowded because it was a major trading Centre in Southeast Asia. After centuries and several historic upheavals, Hoi An is no longer a trading port anymore. However, Hoi An still inherited the priceless cultural values. 
In December 1999, UNESCO has named Hoi An ancient town on the list of world cultural heritage. Hoi An vestige include Cầu Chùa, ancient houses, museums, churches, etc. Most of them were built in the 19th to 20th century. The ancient house has a narrow front, through two streets, height not exceeding 2 floors, covered with bricks, and wooden floor inside. The architectures of the ancient houses are often steep with Yin and Yang tiles, while the style and interior preserved the antique style of the Vietnamese residents, influences from Japanese and Chinese a little bit. In addition to the tangible heritage, Hoi An is conserved, preserved the ancient culture, customs, beliefs, rituals, cuisine, etc. All of these factors created an Hoi An with ancient and private.
 
Proper time
Hoi An is located in the area, which is at the tropical monsoon climate with high temperature and low volatility. There are two distinct seasons each year: the rainy season comes from August to November while the dry season comes from January to July. Mixing a bit of winter occasionally but not bold and stretched.
 
Places and spots
Although Hoi An is a small town but there are a lot of worthy places to visit. Cau temple is the jewel in the heart of the town, which is small but contained plenty of vicissitudes under mysterious Yin and Yang tiles. Chùa Cầu built in the late 16th century that called Japan Bridge. In 1719, Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên walked in here and wrote three characters that are “Lai Vien Kiều”. In the middle of the bridge, there is a small shrine worshipping Huyen Dai De. In the past, the two sides were busy trading place.
 
The old house No. 77 Trần Phú: Typical tubular house, in the middle of the house, the wooden walls bounded carved vivid.
The old house No. 80 Nguyễn Thái Học: is a Diệp Dong Nguyên pharmacy north, the property owner has a collection of valuable antique pottery.
The old house No. 101 Nguyễn Thái Học: The living room is a sophisticated wrought work. In the ceiling paint two pictures of crab shells which make cross-shaped very fancy.
Chapel Tran 21 Lê Lợi: is the church of the clan should be a very high gate closed walls.
 
Cantonese Assembly Hall: worship Quan Công located on the Trần Phú Street.
The Chinese Assembly Hall: worship Ms. Thiên Hậu.
Phúc Kiến Assembly Hall: built in 1857 worship Ms. Thiên Hậu too.
Hải Nam Assembly Hall: worship 108 Chinese people die under the Tự Đức King.
Triều Châu Assembly Hall: Also known as, “chùa ông Bổn” located on the Nguyễn Duy Hiệu Street, which is small, meticulous construction; started in 1845 with materials brought from China, worship Phục Ba General.
The trade ceramics galleries Hoi An located on the Trần Phú Street. This is a beautiful old house was renovated with the contributions of Chiêu Hòa university, Japan university. It exhibits artifacts salvaged from sunken ships in 1993 from 400 years ago at Hoi An sea. The ship carrying Vietnamese ceramics export, Chu Đậu ceramics.
The Sa Huynh culture on display: There are ancient artifacts such as pottery jars buried ashes of the dead, jewelry, weapons…
The Museum History Culture Hôi An: is located within the Ong temple, worship Quan Công and Quan Âm. The pagoda constructed from the 17th century and has renovated several times over.
Cua Dai beach: as part of Cam An, Hoi An town. Cửa Đại is 5 km distant from Hoi An to the east. This is the ideal beach, with fine white sand, clear blue water, small waves and always be the sunshine. Cửa Đại is the appropriate place to build resorts for various types of attractive as sea bathing, sport and relaxation.
Hoi An is frequently crowded compared with other spots. Because it is a city tourism, especially to attract foreign tourists, so that the city has many modern and boutique hotels in Hoi An. Right in the center of the city, the price is quite high; but frequently ran out of the room. In peak season, you should find the hotel, which is far from the center such as on the Huỳnh Thúc Kháng Street, the Thái Phiên Street.
There are so many motels, which are comfortable and clean, and the price is much cheaper. The guesthouses have the room with cheap price too, close to the point of sale of tickets.
 
Visitors travel to Hoi An can buy in cake, "dau xanh" cake, "ít lá gai" cake. In addition, "tương ớt" is a special dish, spicy and aromatic. There are many restaurants in Hoi Anmainly serve the western people gathered in the Bạch Đằng Street, the Trần Phú Street, which is the way to focus a high-sales floor, the price is also not too expensive. While Cao lầu is a simple noodle as Quảng noodles, little water, noodles mixed with vegetables, meat, and shrimp. Cao Lầu noodle made of rice flour, flood with the ash water from tràm woods in Cù Lao Chàm, and use water from Bá Lễ wells. Cao lầu is literally one of specialties in Hoi An. However, the native people in Hoi An do not eat at places where travelers usually come to. They prefer the burden of roadside with cheap price, tasty and equally not least those other restaurants.
 
In addition, Hoi An also has other specialty that is bánh tráng đạp eaten with steel-trap mix. Because many Chinese people live in here, then Hoi An also famous with boa cake and vac cake, which have shrimps and meats inside. However, they are more dominating than others are because they were flooded in Bá Lễwell waters before cooking and the original sauces attached.
 
Moving
There are two directions from Da Nang to Hoi An. One is alongside the National Highway 1 to the South about 27 km then turn left from the Vĩnh Điện Street about 10 km. You can visit Tháp Chàm Bằng Anh in Vĩnh Điện by that.
The second, away from the center of Da Nang via the Han River Bridge. From there you can visit the Ngu Hành Sơn.
 
If you want to go by bus then take them all from the Da Nang bus station.
There are full of traffic services in Hoi An, such as the bus, taxi, Cyclo. In addition, you can hire bikes or bicycles to freely look around Hoi An town. Anyway, the most interesting for travelers to visit Hoi An is walking around the neighborhood to feel the peculiarity of the place.
 
Other notes
  • Hoi An is more interesting in the early morning, the streets are calm, the native people were preparing to start the day, with no electric lights, all sellers are crowded and friendly.
  • The night is another good option too, especially in quiet corners of old town.
  • You should go to Hoi An on the full moon, 14th lunar calendar. At that time, had the old town at night because government eliminates motorbikes, electric lights. Just remained lantern and the voices of people who singing Quảng folk songs.
  • Every night on the Bach Dang pier has culture boats stroll around the River and ethnic music instrumentals.
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